We all originated almost two hundred thousand years ago out of Africa. However, our ancestors did not stay there but moved to different parts of the globe, settling in different parts of the world, perhaps in search of more favourable climates and temperatures, fertile soils and land availability and so forth. Their DNA mutated and evolved as an adaptive measure to the changing conditions in which they settled. These genetic sequences are still present in the DNA of their descendants today, so many thousands of years later. Our partner laboratories have huge databases with the DNA profiles of studied paternal ancestral groups. We can cross reference your DNA with the many paternal groups or ‘haplogroups’ in our database. These populations are your ancient paternal family and we technically call them haplogroups.